Complementary Databases: country-level data
As a courtesy, LIS makes available some datasets and databases that provide country-level indicators that might be useful to our microdata users and other comparative researchers. These have been compiled by various LIS staff and other scholars, including past LIS Visiting Scholars.
Codebooks and other details about these compilations – including required citation guidelines – are included for each, and we urge you to review these if you make use of these resources. We also urge you to contact the producers of these data directly if you have questions.
Note: If you have a dataset or database containing country-level variables that might be of use to LIS researchers, please contact us. We would be happy to lodge your data on our website!
1. LIS / New York Times Income Distribution Database (2014, updated in 2016), assembled by Janet Gornick (LIS), Thierry Kruten (LIS), Branko Milanovic (LIS), David Leonhardt (NYT), and Kevin Quealy (NYT), includes detailed information on the distribution and growth of household income across countries. The database contains results from 178 LIS datasets from 23 countries, covering the period 1979 to 2013.
All results are based on the standard LIS variable, disposable household income; the results are presented in three formats (per capita, per equivalent unit, per household) and in two different currency measures (national currencies and 2011 international dollars). An initial report was published in the New York Times on 22 April 2014.
2. Incomes across the Distribution Database (2016), assembled by Stefan Thewissen, Brian Nolan and Max Roser (Institute for New Economic Thinking at the Oxford Martin School, University of Oxford), includes detailed information on income distribution for 27 developed countries between 1978 and 2013.
The database is based primarily on the microdata brought together by LIS, and includes observations for 180 country-years. In addition to providing levels of incomes across the distribution, it includes a set of summary inequality measures as well as Gini Indices.
Note: Databases 1 and 2 are complementary. There are several technological differences (see the documentation); the main substantive difference is:
** LIS / New York Times Income Distribution Database (updated 2016) presents results based on household disposable income for entire populations.
** Incomes across the Distribution Database (2016) presents results based on household disposable income and household market income, and results are included for entire populations as well as for working-age populations.
3. Social Assistance and Minimum Income Protection Interim Data Set (SaMip) (2009), assembled by Kenneth Nelson, includes detailed information on the benefit position of low-income households in industrialized democracies. SaMip is an ongoing research project based at the Swedish Institute for Social Research at Stockholm University.
4. Comparative Welfare States Data Set (2014), compiled by David Brady, Evelyne Huber, and John D. Stephens, provides an array of country-level welfare state, economic, institutional, political, policy, and demographic indicators. The CWS includes information on 22 rich democracies from 1960-2011.
5. Social Policy and Politics in Latin America and the Caribbean Datasets, compiled by Evelyne Huber and John D. Stephens provide country-level social policy indicators over time, including social welfare, economic, and demographic indicators, and strength and codings of political parties. The Latin American Welfare Dataset covers the period 1960-2014. The Latin America and Caribbean Political Dataset covers the period 1945-2012.
|Welfare Dataset||Political Dataset|
6. Institutions that Build Economic Security and Asset Holdings Database (2008), compiled by Janet Gornick, Timothy Smeeding, Eva Sierminska, and Maurice Leach, includes variables on countries’ institutions related to income security and wealth. This database is designed to be useful to researchers using the LWS microdata.
7. Budget Incidence Fiscal Redistribution Database (2011), prepared by Koen Caminada and Chen Wang, presents the disentanglement of income inequality and the redistributive effect of social transfers and taxes in 36 LIS countries for the period 1970-2006 (Waves I – Wave VI of LIS). This database refines, updates, and extends the Fiscal Redistribution Data Set (see below) prepared by David Jesuit and Vincent Mahler.
8. Fiscal Redistribution Data Set (2005, 2008), prepared by David Jesuit and Vincent Mahler, provides country-level measures of fiscal retribution in several countries included in the LIS Database.
9. A Detailed Look at Parental Leave Policies in 21 OECD Countries (2008), compiled by Rebecca Ray of the Center for Economic and Policy Research in the United States, provides country-level data on the leave eligibility, duration, benefit levels, part-time options, and job protections. An associated report by Rebecca Ray, Janet Gornick and John Schmitt synthesizes findings based on the policy data.
10. Measures that Govern Rights to Alternate Work Arrangements in 21 OECD Countries (2007), assembled by Ariane Hegewisch and Janet Gornick, provides country-level information on working time regulations pertaining to alternative work arrangements. An associated report by Ariane Hegewisch and Janet Gornick synthesizes findings based on the policy data.
11. Family Policy Database (1997, 2003), compiled by Janet Gornick, Marcia Meyers and (for the 1997 version) Katherin Ross, includes country-level data on public policies that enable parental employment, including child care, family leave, and working time regulations.
12. The Work-Family Policy Indicators (2012), assembled by Irene Boeckmann, Michelle Budig, and Joya Misra, include country-level data on birth-related and extended leave policies, early childhood education and care, and the regulation of working time. The dataset includes 12 country-level indicators, covering 22 countries, including countries in Europe and North America, as well as Australia. The indicators are intended to be used together with microdata from the Luxembourg Income Study Database (LIS). With a few exceptions, the policy measures are matched to the years corresponding to LIS’ Wave 5 microdata. The construction of this database was funded by the United States’ National Science Foundation.
13. OECD Income Distribution Database (2013) includes a set of poverty and inequality measures, as well as average and median disposable income and other related indicators.
14. Comparative Welfare Entitlements Dataset (2013), assembled by Lyle Scruggs, Detlef Jahn, and Kati Kuitto, provides systematic data on institutional features of social insurance programs in 33 countries spanning much of the post-war period. Data are provided for unemployment insurance, sickness insurance, and standard and minimum pensions; indicators include replacement rates, eligibility criteria, and coverage.