Working Papers

The Series

A key ingredient in the dissemination of LIS-based research is our longstanding Working Paper Series. There are four sets of Working Papers. One includes papers based on the Luxembourg Income Study Database. A second includes papers based on the Luxembourg Wealth Study Database. A third contains papers based on the (no longer active) Luxembourg Employment Study Database.  A fourth  contains Technical Papers, which are mostly written by, or commissioned by, the LIS staff.

Abstracts and full texts of all submissions are available for free and are accessible via the Working Papers Search Engine.

All research papers that use LIS microdata must be submitted for inclusion in the Working Paper Series. This includes all papers that use the microdata directly and/or that access the data via the Web Tabulator or the Key Figures.

The Working Papers are not formally reviewed, and we encourage all authors to publish their papers subsequently in peer-reviewed journals and other venues. Inclusion in the Working Papers Series does not preclude later publication in a peer-reviewed venue.

How to Submit

Submissions to the Working Paper Series should include the following:

Personal Information
name, title, affiliation, and contact information.
NOTE: LIS invites authors under 40 at the time of submission to include their date of birth in order to be considered for the Aldi Hagenaars Award.

Submit the full text of the paper, including references and the names of all authors.
NOTE: Submissions with a focus on gender and that include at least one middle-income country, will be eligible for the World Bank-LIS Gender Award.

Submit an abstract with the paper. Abstracts are used to identify keywords for the search engine.

Send your submission to

Copyright Policy

Authors maintain copyright privileges for their own work submitted to the Working Paper Series. LIS maintains the right to disseminate papers from the series for scholarly purposes. This includes the right to distribute contributions online, to incorporate contributions into other media for off-line distribution, and to add appropriate hyperlinks or otherwise integrate contributions into the larger body of relevant literature. Other uses, such as reproduction for profit, are not permitted without the written permission of the copyright owner, who will, in most cases be the author.

Permission for electronic dissemination of LIS Working Papers is granted. Reproduction in hardcopy or print format for educational purposes or by non-profit organisations such as libraries and schools is permitted. For all other uses, please contact the LIS office for advance written permission.

General Policies and Practices

As stated in the user registration rules and forms, all papers that use LIS microdata must be submitted for inclusion in the LIS Working Paper Series (LIS or LWS) before they are published in books, journals or other venues.

Publication of LIS Working Papers in scholarly books and journals.
LIS is more than willing to accommodate the needs and requirements of book, journal or other publishers. While it is relatively uncommon, some publishers ask that papers be removed from Working Paper series before publication. On request, LIS will remove the paper although the title, authorship information, and abstract will remain in the Working Papers database.

Note that some publishing venues ask that the Working Paper version be somewhat different from the published version. Authors generally send LIS the version of the paper that is initially sent for publication; thus, the Working Paper version would not include the publisher’s subsequent copy editing or formatting. At the same time, authors are invited to revise Working Papers at any time; authors may simply send an updated version with a new date (marked “revised”) and LIS will replace the prior version of the Working Paper.

Required Citation
Users of the LIS or LWS microdata are required to cite the data source in their list of references. As suggested by the Chicago Manual of Style (15th edition, 2007) pp 753-754 (17.358), LIS requests that authors use the following format. Note that the text within the curly braces “{ }” should be replaced, by the author, with specific information.

Citation Guidelines
LIS microdata:
Luxembourg Income Study (LIS) Database, (multiple countries; {include the dates of the interval during which microdata runs completed}). Luxembourg: LIS.

LWS microdata:
Luxembourg Wealth Study (LWS) Database, (multiple countries; {include the dates of the interval during which microdata runs completed}). Luxembourg: LIS.

LES microdata:
Luxembourg Employment Study (LWS) Database, (multiple countries; {include the dates of the interval during which microdata runs completed}). Luxembourg: LIS.

Web Tabulator:
LIS Web Tabulator, ({include the dates on which the table was constructed}). Luxembourg: LIS.

Key Figures:
LIS Inequality and Poverty Key Figures, ({include date — when Key Figures were downloaded}). Luxembourg: LIS.
LIS Employment Key Figures by Gender, ({include date — when Key Figures were downloaded}). Luxembourg: LIS.