Books

The Heterogeneity Link of the Welfare State and Redistribution GET NOW

The Heterogeneity Link of the Welfare State and Redistribution

by Udaya R. Waglé (Springer 2013)

This book by Udaya R Waglé situates ethnic heterogeneity in the larger discussion of the welfare state and its redistributive outcomes, poverty and inequality, in high income countries. By using comprehensive, longitudinal data covering up to 2010, Waglé makes a major milestone in comparative welfare state research both conceptually and methodologically. Conceptually, this book elevates the relevance of growing ethnic heterogeneity in thinking about how politics and economics of the welfare state operate, collectively impacting the magnitudes of poverty and inequality. Methodologically, the analysis conducted in this book provides broader empirical tests for the many propositions and discourses found in the literature based largely on anecdotal evidence, case studies, and unjustifiably limited quantitative data. A thorough and insightful analysis presented in this book helps students, researchers, and policymakers better understand the ethnic heterogeneity connections of the welfare state and redistribution, together with a comparative perspective of the changing faces of ethnic heterogeneity, welfare state policies, and poverty and inequality in high income countries.

978-3-319-02814-9

Understanding Research Infrastructures in the Social Sciences GET NOW

Understanding Research Infrastructures in the Social Sciences

by Brian Kleiner, Isabelle Renschler, Boris Wernli, Peter Farago, Dominique Joye (eds) (Seismo)

Understanding Research Infrastructures in the Social Sciences, produced by FORS, the Swiss Foundation for Research in Social Sciences, features a collection of chapters that demonstrate how research infrastructures – including LIS – are leading to profound changes in the social sciences. In addition to the chapter on LIS, the book includes descriptions of the Cross-National Equivalent File (CNEF), the European Social Survey (ESS), the European Values Study (EVS), and the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE). The book can be purchased online or by using this form.

978-3-03777-133-4

Income Inequality: Economic Disparities and the Middle Class in Affluent Countries GET NOW

Income Inequality: Economic Disparities and the Middle Class in Affluent Countries

by Janet C. Gornick and Markus Jäntti (eds) (Standford University Press)

This state-of-the-art volume presents comparative, empirical research on a topic that has long preoccupied scholars, politicians, and everyday citizens: economic inequality. While income and wealth inequality across all populations is the primary focus, the contributions to this book pay special attention to the middle class, a segment often not addressed in inequality literature. The research also casts important light on how economic inequality affects and is affected by gender disparities, labour markets, institutions, and politics.

Written by leading scholars in the field of economic inequality, all 17 chapters draw on microdata from the databases of LIS, an esteemed cross-national data center based in Luxembourg. Using LIS data to structure a comparative approach, the contributors paint a complex portrait of inequality across affluent countries at the beginning of the 21st century. The volume also trail-blazes new research into inequality in countries newly entering the LIS databases, including Japan, Iceland, India, and South Africa.

9780804778244

Social Inequality in Japan GET NOW

Social Inequality in Japan

by Sawako Shirahase (Routledge 2013)

Japan was the first Asian country to become a mature industrial society, and throughout the 1970s and the 1980s, was viewed as an ‘all-middle-class society’. However since the 1990s there have been growing doubts as to the real degree of social equality in Japan, particularly in the context of dramatic demographic shifts as the population ages whilst fertility levels continue to fall.

This book compares Japan with America, Britain, Italy, France, Germany, Sweden and Taiwan in order to determine whether inequality really is a social problem in Japan. With a focus on impact demographic shifts, Sawako Shirahase examines female labour market participation, income inequality among households with children, the state of the family, generational change, single person households and income distribution among the aged, and asks whether increasing inequality and is uniquely Japanese, or if it is a social problem common across all of the societies included in this study. Crucially, this book shows that Japan is distinctive not in terms of the degree of inequality in the society, but rather, in how acutely inequality is perceived. Further, the data shows that Japan differs from the other countries examined in terms of the gender gap in both the labour market and the family, and in inequality among single-person households – single men and women, including lifelong bachelors and spinsters – and also among single parent households, who pay a heavy price for having deviated from the expected pattern of life in Japan.

Drawing on extensive empirical data, this book will be of great interest to students and scholars interested in Japanese culture and society, Japanese studies and social policy more generally.

978-0-415-82438-5

Welfare States and Immigrant Rights: The Politics of Inclusion and Exclusion GET NOW

Welfare States and Immigrant Rights: The Politics of Inclusion and Exclusion

by Diane Sainsbury (Oxford University Press 2012)

Welfare States and Immigrant Rights deals with the impact of welfare states on  immigrants’ social rights, economic well-being and social inclusion, and it offers the first systematic comparison of immigrants’ social rights across welfare states. To study immigrants’ social rights the author develops an analytical framework that focuses on the interplay between 1) the type of welfare state regime, 2) forms of entry, or entry categories, and 3) the incorporation regime regulating the inclusion or exclusion of immigrants. The book maps out the development of immigrants’ social rights from the early postwar period until around 2010 in six countries representing different welfare state regimes: the United States, the United Kingdom, Germany, France, Sweden, and Denmark, and it examines the politics of social rights extension and contraction and changes in the incorporation regime that impinge on immigrant rights.

Paperback | 978-0-19-965478-9 | £22.50

Gendered Tradeoffs: Family, Social Policy, and Economic Inequality in Twenty-One Countries GET NOW

Gendered Tradeoffs: Family, Social Policy, and Economic Inequality in Twenty-One Countries

by Becky Pettit and Jennifer L. Hook (Russell Sage Foundation 2009)

Gender inequality in the workplace persists, even in nations with some of the most progressive laws and generous family support policies. Yet the dimensions on which inequality is measured—levels of women’s employment, number of hours worked, sex segregation by occupations and wages—tell very different stories across industrialized nations. By examining federally guaranteed parental leave, publicly provided child care, and part-time work, and looking across multiple dimensions of inequality, Becky Pettit and Jennifer Hook document the links between specific policies and aggregate outcomes. They disentangle the complex factors, from institutional policies to personal choices that influence economic inequality.

ISBN-13 / ISBN-10: 978-0-87154-661-6

Rich Democracies, Poor People: How Politics Explain Poverty GET NOW

Rich Democracies, Poor People: How Politics Explain Poverty

by David Brady (Oxford University Press 2009)

Poverty is not simply the result of an individual’s characteristics, behaviors or abilities. Rather, as David Brady demonstrates, poverty is the result of politics. In Rich Democracies, Poor People, Brady investigates why poverty is so entrenched in some affluent democracies whereas it is a solvable problem in others. Drawing on over thirty years of data from eighteen countries, Brady argues that cross-national and historical variations in poverty are principally driven by differences in the generosity of the welfare state. An explicit challenge to mainstream views of poverty as an inescapable outcome of individual failings or a society’s labor markets and demography, this book offers institutionalized power relations theory as an alternative explanation. The power of coalitions for egalitarianism, Leftist political groups and parties, and the social policies they are able to institutionalize shape the amount of poverty in society. Where poverty is low, equality has been institutionalized. Where poverty is widespread, exemplified by the U.S., there has been a failure to institutionalize equality. A comprehensive and state-of-the-art study, Rich Democracies, Poor People places the inherently political choices over resources and the political organization of states, markets, and societies at the center of the study of poverty and social inequality.

ISBN-13: 9780195385878 / ISBN-10: 019538587X

Poor Women in Rich Countries: The Feminization of Poverty Over the Life Course GET NOW

Poor Women in Rich Countries: The Feminization of Poverty Over the Life Course

by Gertrude Goldberg (ed.) (Oxford University Press 2009)

The first book to study women’s poverty over the life course, this wide-ranging collection focuses on the economic condition of single mothers and single elderly women–while also considering partnered women and immigrants–in eight wealthy but diverse countries: Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Sweden, the United Kingdom, and the United States.

ISBN-10: 0195314301 / ISBN-13: 9780195314304

Discretionary Time: A New Measure of Freedom GET NOW

Discretionary Time: A New Measure of Freedom

by Robert E. Goodin, James Mahmud Rice, Antti Parpo, and Lina Eriksson (Cambridge University Press 2008)

A healthy work-life balance has become increasingly important to people trying to cope with the pressures of contemporary society. This trend highlights the fallacy of assessing well-being in terms of finance alone; how much time we have matters just as much as how much money. The authors of this book have developed a novel way to measure ‘discretionary time’: time which is free to spend as one pleases. Exploring data from the US, Australia, Germany, France, Sweden and Finland, they show that temporal autonomy varies substantially across different countries and under different living conditions. By calibrating how much control people have over their time, and how much they could have under alternative welfare, gender or household arrangements, this book offers a new perspective for comparative cross-national enquiries into the temporal aspects of human welfare.

ISBN-13: 9780521709514

Jobs with Equality GET NOW

Jobs with Equality

by Lane Kenworthy (Oxford University Press 2008)

Economic and social shifts have led to rising income inequality in the world’s affluent countries. This is worrisome for reasons of fairness and because inequality has adverse effects on other socioeconomic goods. Redistribution can help, but government revenues are threatened by globalization and population aging. A way out of this impasse is for countries to increase their employment rate. Increasing employment enlarges the tax base, allowing tax revenues to rise without an increase in tax rates; it also reduces welfare state costs by decreasing the amount of government benefits going to individuals and households. The question is: Can egalitarian institutions and policies be coupled with employment growth? For two decades conventional wisdom has held that the answer is no.

ISBN-13: 9780199550609 / ISBN-10: 0199550603

Growing Unequal: Income Distribution and Poverty in OECD Countries GET NOW

Growing Unequal: Income Distribution and Poverty in OECD Countries

by OECD (OECD Publishing 2008)

This landmark study on inequality and poverty, which covers all 30 OECD countries, includes chapters on the main features and drivers of inequality, characteristics of poverty, and additional dimensions of inequality — such as intergenerational mobility, the impact of publicly-provided services, and the distribution of household wealth. The report draws heavily on the LIS data and, even more so, on the LWS data.

ISBN-13: 9789264044180

Immigration and the Transformation of Europe GET NOW

Immigration and the Transformation of Europe

by Craig A. Parsons and Timothy M. Smeeding (eds.) (Cambridge University Press 2006)

A new kind of historic transformation is underway in twenty-first-century Europe. Twentieth-century Europeans were no strangers to social, economic and political change, but their major challenges focused mainly on the intra-European construction of stable, prosperous, capitalist democracies. Today, by contrast, one of the major challenges is flows across borders – and particularly in-flows of non-European people. Immigration and minority integration consistently occupy the headlines. The issues which rival immigration – unemployment, crime, terrorism – are often presented by politicians as its negative secondary effects. Immigration is also intimately connected to the profound challenges of demographic change, economic growth and welfare-state reform. Both academic observers and the European public are increasingly convinced that Europe’s future will largely turn on how is admits and integrates non-Europeans. This book is a comprehensive stock-taking of the contemporary situation and its policy implications.

ISBN-13: 9780521861939

Twenty Years of Research on Income Inequality, Poverty and Distribution in the Developed World GET NOW

Twenty Years of Research on Income Inequality, Poverty and Distribution in the Developed World

by Timothy Smeeding, guest editor (Oxford Journals 2004)

Special Issue of Socio-Economic Review
(Volume 2, Number 2, 2004)

The Future of the Family GET NOW

The Future of the Family

by Daniel Patrick Moynihan, Timothy M Smeeding, Lee Rainwater (Russell Sage Foundation Publication 2004)

High rates of divorce, single-parenthood, and nonmarital cohabitation are forcing Americans to reexamine their definition of family. This evolving social reality requires public policy to evolve as well. The Future of the Family brings together the top scholars of family policy—headlined by editors Lee Rainwater, Tim Smeeding, and, in his last published work, the late Senator Daniel Patrick Moynihan—to take stock of the state of the family in the United States today and address the ways in which public policy affects the family and vice versa.

ISBN-13 / ISBN-10: 978-0-87154-628-9

Families that Work – Policies for Reconciling Parenthood and Employment GET NOW

Families that Work – Policies for Reconciling Parenthood and Employment

by Janet C. Gornick and Marcia K. Meyers (Russell Sage Foundation Publication 2003)

Parents around the world grapple with the common challenge of balancing work and child care. Despite common problems, the industrialized nations have developed dramatically different social and labor market policies—policies that vary widely in the level of support they provide for parents and the extent to which they encourage an equal division of labor between parents as they balance work and care. In Families That Work, Janet Gornick and Marcia Meyers take a close look at the work-family policies in the United States and abroad and call for a new and expanded role for the U.S. government in order to bring this country up to the standards taken for granted in many other Western nations.

ISBN-13 / ISBN-10: 978-0-87154-359-2

Poor Kids in a Rich Country – America’s Children in Comparative Perspective GET NOW

Poor Kids in a Rich Country – America’s Children in Comparative Perspective

by Lee Rainwater and Timothy M. Smeeding (Russell Sage Foundation Publication 2003)

In Poor Kids in a Rich Country, Lee Rainwater and Timothy Smeeding ask what it means to be poor in a prosperous nation – especially for any country’s most vulnerable citizens, its children. In comparing the situation of American children in low-income families with their counterparts in 14 other countries—including Western Europe, Australia, and Canada—they provide a powerful perspective on the dynamics of child poverty in the United States.

ISBN-13 / ISBN-10: 978-0-87154-705-7

Child Well-Being, Child Poverty and Child Policy in Modern Nations: What Do We Know? GET NOW

Child Well-Being, Child Poverty and Child Policy in Modern Nations: What Do We Know?

by Koen Vleminckx and Timothy Smeeding (The Policy Press 2001)

Child poverty and the well-being of children is an important policy issue throughout the industrialised world. Some 47 million children in ‘rich’ countries live in families so poor that their health and well-being are at risk. The main themes addressed are: the extent and trend of child poverty in industrialised nations; outcomes for children – for example, the relationship between childhood experiences and children’s health; country studies and emerging issues; child and family policies. All the contributions underline the urgent need for a comprehensive policy to reduce child poverty rates and to improve the well-being of children. Findings are clearly presented and key focus points identified for policy makers to consider.

ISBN-13: 9781861342539

The Canberra Group – Expert Group on Household Income Statistics Final Report and Recommendations GET NOW

The Canberra Group – Expert Group on Household Income Statistics Final Report and Recommendations

by The Canberra Group (2001)

ISBN-10: 0-9688524-0